A look at the dangers and effects of floods and hurricanes

You can help people affected by disasters, such as hurricanes by donating to the American Red Cross. Unhealthy floodwater Floodwater is more than simple rain. In fact, flooding is the major threat from tropical cyclones for people living inland.

As the storm moves inland, and is downgraded to a tropical depression, the continued circulation, tropical moisture, and topography can contribute to copious amounts of rainfall. Rainfall-Induced Flooding The heavy rains associated with a tropical weather system are responsible not only for major flooding in areas where the storm initially strikes, but also can affect areas hundreds of miles from where the storm originally made landfall.

Usually, tornadoes produced by tropical cyclones are relatively weak and short-lived, but they still pose a significant threat.

After Hurricane Katrina, studies showed, areas that were directly impacted saw an increase in cases of West Nile.

With a flood, it is hard for people to keep up healthy hygiene standards. If the storm is large and moving slowly, rainfall could be even more excessive. For those with lingering mental challenges, counseling is recommended. Rip Currents The strong winds of a tropical cyclone can cause dangerous waves that pose a significant hazard to mariners and coastal residents and visitors.

To cut down on infection, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reminds parents not to let children play with toys that have been in the water unless then have since been thoroughly washed.

Wave after wave hits the coast as tons of moving water hammer away at any structure on the coastline. Winds The winds of a hurricane range from 74 mph 65 knots in a minimal storm to greater than mph knots in a catastrophic one.

Winds of hurricane strength force the water onto shore. Contamination from floodwaters and the mold that quickly grows in a warm environment like Texas can exacerbate asthma or trigger allergies. Creatures including ants, rodents, reptiles and house pets are displaced. Floodwater can easily cause a wound to become infected.

Exposure to floodwater can increase risk for skin rashes, ear, nose and throat problems and conjunctivitis, but the World Health Organization says that none of these is epidemic-prone. Standing water Floods typically flush out mosquitoes and interrupt their breeding cycle, but when the flooding stops, there is an increased risk of infection from a mosquito-borne illness like Zika or West Nile.

This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

Using items that have been submerged can also cause stomach problems. The storm surge is also greater if the storm affects a bay or if it makes landfall at high tide. July 08 Flash flooding, defined as a rapid rise in water levels, can occur quickly due to intense rainfall.

Some people may develop problems related to the lingering challenges associated with post-traumatic stress disorder, but the majority of those affected should recover in time.

Sewage can cause boils or rashes on parts of the body that are submerged for extended periods of time, such as legs, according to environmentalist Wilma Subra. Carpets should be steam-cleaned. The CDC recommends keeping your distance to avoid being bitten.

Generally speaking, the stronger the hurricane, the greater the storm surge. Tears may come easier, sleep may be a challenge, worry or a desire to be alone may be especially strong, thinking may become muddled, and it may be hard to remember things or to listen to people.

Stress is common both during and after any natural disaster. At first, the water level climbs slowly, but as the eye of the storm approaches, water rises rapidly.

Mental health concerns The biggest health concern from a flood, other than the immediate dangers of rushing waters, may be mental, studies show.Hurricanes – Understand the Dangers.

The hidden health dangers of flooding

Recognize that there are five distinct dangers associated with hurricanes: 1. Storm surge: the rising surge of can lead to severe coastal flooding. 2. Marine hazards: dangers to those at sea. 3. Tornadoes: more than 50% of hurricanes spawn tornadoes, usually from the right-front quadrant.

Hurricane Damages and Effects

Hurricane Ivan flooding, Asheville, NC - September /Leif Skoogfors, FEMA hurricane intensity - courtesy of The COMET Program. High Winds.

Hurricane Florence expected to cause dangerous inland flooding: How to prepare

Tropical storm-force winds are strong enough to be dangerous to those caught in them. Hurricanes and tropical storms can also produce tornadoes. These tornadoes most often occur in. Health alert: lethal after-effects of hurricanes By Debora MacKenzie The death toll from the superstorm that hit eastern North America this week continues to climb as more victims of wind, waves.

Aug 27,  · Even after Hurricane Harvey's immediate threat of flooding goes away, Texas residents will face a host of health problems from the water and from what it. Mar 30,  · Tornadoes also are an effect of hurricanes. Although storm surge is perhaps the most dangerous and destructive part of a hurricane, its winds and heavy rains can be felt well inland from a storm's.

Beneath the surface of the giant, swirling tropical cyclones known as hurricanes lie five factors that generate the biggest threats. These include storm surge, inland flooding.

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A look at the dangers and effects of floods and hurricanes
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