To transport the captured Africans to the Americas, Europeans loaded them onto specially constructed ships with platforms below deck designed to maximize the numbers of slaves that could be transported. The ship had started out with about captives, but it had run into extremely bad weather.
As scouts, interpreters, navigators, and military men, blacks were among those who first encountered Native Americans. Many ships reached their destinations with barely half their cargo of slaves still alive to sell into forced labor in the Americas. From then untilit is estimated that more than 10 million people were transported from Africa to the Americas.
The meager diet of rice, yams, or beans and the filthy conditions created by overcrowding resulted in a very high death rate. Most Africans taken to North America came from the various cultures of western and west central Africa. The Portuguese, Dutch, and British controlled most of the Atlantic slave trade.
Only about 6 percent were traded in British North America. The territories that are now Ghana, Togo, Benin, and Nigeria were the origins of most slaves brought to North America, although significant numbers also came from the areas that are now Senegal, Gambia, and Angola.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Even today, nearly half of all African Americans live in the South. All of these were important from the beginning in shaping a hybrid American culture. Their work, which still marks the landscape today, helped shape American cultural styles. Africans were confined for two to three months in irons in the hold of a slave ship during the crossing of the Atlantic Ocean called the Middle Passage.
They brought with them African words, religious beliefs, styles of worship, aesthetic values, musical forms and rhythms. These areas were home to diverse linguistic, ethnic, and religious groups.
Blacks also make up a significant part of the population in most urban areas in the eastern United States and in some mid-western and western cities as well. Although blacks from the West Indies and other areas have migrated to the United States in the 20th century, most African Americans were born in the United States, and this has been true since the Martin Luther King, Jr.
These skills became the basis of a flourishing plantation economy. When the ship finally put into Jamestown, it had only 20 surviving Africans to sell to the struggling colony.
Africans were also skilled at ironworking, music and musical instruments, the decorative arts, and architecture. African workers had extensive experience in cultivating rice, cotton, and sugar, all crops grown in West and North Africa.
Their agricultural and pastoral skills made them valuable laborers in the Americas. Most of the people enslaved were subsistence farmers and raised livestock. Beginning in the colonial period, African Americans provided most of the labor on which European settlement, development, and wealth depended, especially after European wars and diseases decimated Native Americans.
Throughout his career he pressed for equal treatment and improved circumstances for blacks, organizing nonviolent protests and delivering powerful speeches on the necessity of eradicating institutional racial inequalities. Until the midth century, the African American population was concentrated in the Southern states.African American History research papers look into the experience of African Americans since the founding of the British colonies to the Civil Rights movement and beyond.
Paper Masters gives students topic suggestions for writing research papers on. Bibliographic Essay on African American History Wilma King Introduction African Americans in New York City, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, ). A longtime interest in free blacks in the slave era has precipitated a wide range of publications.
General sources. The History of African Americans in Film Essay. Bibliographic Essay on African American History Introduction In the essay “On the Evolution of Scholarship in Afro- American History” the eminent historian John Hope Franklin declared “Every generation has the opportunity to write its own history, and indeed it is obliged to do so.”1.
Free College Essay African American History. African American History I INTRODUCTION African American History or Black American History, a history of black people in the Search Essays The argument that African-Americans segregates themselves from other groups is not a valid argument/5(1).
African American essays Being African American has never been easy. White America has always been stereotypical of black people, although blacks have shaped American history through inventions, sports, and political science. Americans, and securing the slave trade-- one of the most heinous situations that the Continue reading this essay.
African Americans in American Films. Introduction Following the violent racism prevalent at the beginning of the turn of the twentieth century, African American cultural elites, struggling to articulate a positive identity for the black.Download