The world paid admiring attention to the brave and disciplined black troops in blue uniforms In the South, the Confederate experience came to be remembered as the Lost Cause, a noble struggle for local rights and individual liberty with the defense of slavery conveniently forgotten.
Cambridge University Press, and George M. Nonetheless, Reconstruction witnessed a remarkable political revolution in the South.
Though it is older, the perspective of D.
Despite new technologies and strategies, however, much of the Civil War remained old-fashioned. Segregation and Race Relations The destruction of slavery, a major moral accomplishment of the United States Army, of Abraham Lincoln, and of the enslaved people themselves, would be overshadowed by the injustice and poverty that followed in the rapidly changing South, a mockery of American claims of moral leadership in the world.
Certainly, the Union overshadowed the Confederacy in manpower and economic resources. A new system of labor, politics, and race relations would have to replace the shattered institution of slavery.
Nevertheless, they remind us that Americans paid close attention to what was happening elsewhere, whether in the Franco-Prussian Warwhere the evolution of warfare continued to become more mechanized and lethal, or the Paris Communewhere some thought they saw the result of unbridled democracy in chaos and violence—and wondered if Reconstruction did not represent a similar path.
It presents to the whole family of man, the question, whether a constitutional republic, or a democracy Observers from Europe and other nations watched carefully to see how the Americans would use these new Ap Ap civil war reconstruction war reconstruction.
No master plan guided Americans in their dealings with other peoples. To understand this era of American history in global context, we need to piece together accounts from a variety of books and articles. Vintage,and the major documentary collection edited by Ira Berlin, Leslie S.
The United States focused its postwar energies instead on commerce. Historical accounts of Reconstruction played an important part in this retreat from the ideal of equality.
American companies came to dominate the economies of nations in Latin America The scale and drama of the Civil War that ravaged America for four years, across an area larger than the European continent, fascinated and appalled a jaded world.
The Civil War began as a conventional contest of army versus army but by the end had become a war of society against society, with slavery, the foundation of the southern social order, becoming a target.
Slavery lay at the root of the political crisis that produced the Civil War, and the war became, although it did not begin as, a struggle for emancipation.
Although it freed few slaves on the day it was issued, as it applied almost exclusively to areas under Confederate control, the Emancipation Proclamation ensured that Union victory would produce a social revolution within the South and a redefinition of the place of blacks in American life.
A vision of the South as backward, cruel, and power-hungry gained credence in many places in the North and took political force in the Republican party. Few Americans, though, had the stomach for new adventures in the wake of the Civil War. The rifle produced the appalling casualty statistics of Civil War battles.
In all of these places, the interests of American businessmen, the distortions of racial ideology, and hopes for partisan political advantage at home jostled with one another. Oxford University Press, ; May, ed. Excellent examples of what might be thought of as the new global history appear in Sven Beckert, "Emancipation and Empire: Conflict among the great powers on the European Continent certainly opened an opportunity and the United States had expanded relentlessly and opportunistically throughout its history.
Louisiana State University Press, offers an elegant and up-to-date survey that puts the conflict in the larger context of emancipation movements. The war took place soon after a revolution in arms manufacture had replaced the traditional musket, accurate at only a short range, with the more modern, and deadly, rifle and bullet.
The global economy of commodities and ideology, demanding cotton while attacking slavery, put enormous and contradictory strains on the young American nation 5. Quoted in Faust, Creation of Confederate Nationalism, p. Southerners and their Northern allies, eager to expand, led the United States in a war to seize large parts of Mexico and looked hungrily upon the Caribbean and Central America.
The fighting against the American Indians on the Plains proved warfare enough for most white Americans in the s and s Although, late in the war, continuous campaigning and extensive earthen entrenchments foreshadowed World War I, Europeans did not grasp the deadly lesson of the American Civil War: The destruction of slavery—by presidential proclamation, legislation, and constitutional amendment—was a key act in the nation-building process.
There is a large literature on this subject, not surprisingly. Americans became famous as rich, energetic, and somewhat reckless players amid the complexity of the world.The Civil War & Reconstruction The election of Abraham Lincoln as president in led to the secession of the Deep South and the formation of the Confederate States of America.
The Civil War began in as a limited war between Union forces seeking to preserve the Union and Confederate forces seeking to preserve their independence and domestic institutions. Eric Foner, the DeWitt Clinton Professor of History at Columbia University, is the author of numerous books on the Civil War and Reconstruction.
This AP US History review section covers the Civil War and Reconstruction period. Lincoln’s Reconstruction was about maintaining the integrity of the Union; Black civil rights came second.
Andrew Johnson had policies similar to Lincoln’s when he first took power, but gradually became more conservative as his term continued. He favored a swift Reconstruction with as little conflict as possible.
Start studying AP US History: Civil War & Reconstruction Unit 6. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. I have offered some thoughts on Reconstruction's legacy in "Exporting Reconstruction" in What Caused the Civil War?
Reflections on the South and Southern History (New York: W. W. Norton, ). On the legacy of Reconstruction, see David W. Blight, Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory (CambridgeMA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, ).Download