An Approach to Literature He was one of three children: There is the depletion and the very corruption of the language itself, by advertising and by the mass-produced art of radio, the moving picture, and pulp fiction. She later was able to change his name to Murray Brooks and continued to raise him as her own, causing quite a rift in her own family and alienating herself from Cleanth and William.
The elements of a poem are related to each other not as blossoms juxtaposed in a bouquet, but as the blossoms related to a growing plant.
There is the breakdown of a common symbolism. Brooks feels that there are some special reasons for the presence of irony in modern poetry. Further, Winchell praises Brooks for "help[ing] invent the modern literary quarterly" through the success of The Southern Review.
As a plant contains roots, stem, branches, flowers etc. To define this organic relationship, Brooks compares a poem with a plant. Metaphor helps to give a more general and universal level of meaning. Brooks writes, on the one hand, "the resistance which any good poem sets up against all attempts to paraphrase it" qtd.
From tohe was a fellow of the Library of Congress in Washington, D. Brooks took this notion of paraphrase and developed it further in his classic The Well Wrought Urn.
The statements like "two plus two equals four" or "the square on the hypotenuse of a right angled triangle is equal to the sum of the squares on the two sides" are equally true in any possible context while poetic statements give new meaning of unexpected references because of context and not in isolation.
Stevenson of Converse College notes Brooks "redirect[ed] and revolutionize[d] the teaching of literature in American colleges and universities" Brooks advocates close reading because, as he states in The Well Wrought Urn, "by making the closest examination of what the poem says as a poem" qtd.
New Criticism was accused by critics of having a contradictory nature. Irony is to be found in the poetry of every period and even in simple lyrical poetry.
The stability is like an arch; the very forces which are calculated to drag the stones to the ground actually provide the principle of support — a principle in which thrust and counter-thrust become the means of stability.
The task of qualifying and modifying the language is perennial, but it is imposed on the modern poet as a special burden. He insisted he was not excluding context because a poem possesses organic unityand it is possible to derive a historical and biographical context from the language the poet uses Singh The tail makes the kite fly.
We have to consider whether the lines grow out of the context; whether they acknowledge the pressures of the context; or whether it is ironical or merely glib or sentimental. The meaning must come from the particulars.
This is sarcasm, the most obvious kind of irony. He may not be able to say clearly or fully what he wants to say. It weighs down something made to rise. Further, critics praise Brooks and Warren for "introducing New Criticism with commendable clarity" Singh and for teaching students how to read and interpret poetry.
There is a risk in using metaphors. Arthur Mizener commended Brooks and Warren for offering a new way of teaching poetry: Sree Kumar Posted by.
Ronald Crane was particularly hostile to the views of Brooks and the other New Critics.
They enter into the structure of the poem. That form is meaning. Community, Religion, and Literature: Brooks argues "through irony, paradox, ambiguity and other rhetorical and poetic devices of his or her art, the poet works constantly to resist any reduction of the poem to a paraphrasable core, favoring the presentation of conflicting facets of theme and patterns of resolved stresses" Leitch This is sarcasm, the most obvious kind of irony.
The Yoknapatawpha Country James Lohr on Brooks, ''Irony as a Principle of Structure'': "The beauty of the poem is the flowering of the wh Ellen Einsporn on Brooks, ''Irony as a Principle of Structure'': sorry, link didn't work. Clean Brooks Irony As A Principle Of Structure "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place" has with justice been considered an archetypal Hemingway story, morally and aesthetically central to the Hemingway canon.
In "Irony as a Principle of Structure" Cleanth Brooks makes a lot of claims about the importance of metaphors and irony in literary text. He has highlighted the use of irony and its importance in an impressive way.
This essay is an excellent piece that stresses and underlines the IMPORTANCE OF IRONY IN POETRY. Brooks' Irony as a Principle of Structure A major figure of New Criticism, Cleanth Brooks argues in this essay Irony as a Principle of Structure, that irony serves as one of the major tools by which meaning can be embedded in a poetic text.
On October 16,in Murray, Kentucky, Brooks was born to a Methodist minister, the Reverend Cleanth Brooks, Sr., and Bessie Lee Witherspoon Brooks (Leitch ).
He was one of three children: Cleanth and William, natural born sons, and Murray Brooks, actually born Hewitt Witherspoon, whom Bessie Lee Witherspoon kidnapped from her brother Forrest Bedford Witherspoon as a young baby. Oct 07, · Brooks feels that there are some special reasons for the presence of irony in modern poetry.
There is the breakdown of a common symbolism. There is a general scepticism as to universals.Download